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1. chinaXiv:201706.00772 [pdf]

Hydrodynamics in a circulating fluidized bed with annular furnace and six parallel cyclones

Shuai Daping; Wang Xiaofang; Lyu Qinggang
Subjects: Dynamic and Electric Engineering >> Engineering Thermophysics

Systematic measurements were conducted on a cold CFB with annular furnace and six parallel cyclones to study gas-solids flow in the annular furnace and flow non-uniformity among six cyclones. The results show that axial solids holdup in the annular furnace decreases exponentially with height, similar to the conventional rectangular furnace. The uniform transverse distribution of solids holdup suggests a good gas-solids mixing in the annular furnace. The annular furnace presents the core/double-annulus flow structure, and it results in enhanced gas-solids back-mixing than the conventional core/annulus flow structure. The gas-solids flow of the inner wall-layer and the outer wall-layer is very close at most part of the furnace height, and the wall-layer thickness decreases with height. Flow non-uniformity exists among six parallel cyclones in the annular furnace CFB. But non-uniform distribution of solids circulating rates and cyclone pressure drops show no regularity, and the flow non-uniformity is no larger than the CFBs with conventional furnace. Under typical operating conditions, the relative deviation of six solids circulating rates is 8.0%.

submitted time 2017-06-26 From cooperative journals:《暖科学学报》 Hits1048, Downloads209, Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201706.00763 [pdf]

Numerical Investigation of the Effects of ITD Length on Low Pressure Nozzle

Liu, Guang; Liu, Jun; Liu, Hongrui; Wang, Pei; Du, Qiang
Subjects: Dynamic and Electric Engineering >> Engineering Thermophysics

The advantage of high efficiency, low SFC (Specific Fuel Consumption), ultra-high bypass ratio turbofan engine attracts more and more attention in modern commercial engine. The intermediate turbine duct (ITD), which connects high pressure turbine (HPT) with low pressure turbine (LPT), has a critical impact on the overall performance of turbine by guiding flow coming from HPT to LPT without too much loss. Therefore, it becomes more and more urgent to master the technique of designing aggressive, even super-aggressive ITD. Much more concerns have been concentrated on the duct. However, in order to further improve turbine, LPT nozzle is arranged into ITD to shorten low pressure axle. With such design concept, it is obvious that LPT nozzle flow field is easily influenced by upstream duct structure, but receives much less interests on the contrary. In this paper, numerical method is used to investigate the effects of length of ITD with upstream swirl blades on LPT nozzle. Nine models with the same swirl and nozzle blades, while the length of ITD is the only parameter to be changed, will be discussed. Finally, several conclusions and advices for designers are summarized. After changing axial length of ducts, inlet and outlet flow field of nozzle differs, correspondingly. On the other hand, the shearing stress on nozzle blade (suction and pressure) surface presents individual feature under various inlet flow. In addition to that, "Clocking-like effect" is described in this paper, which will contribute much to the pressure loss and should be paid enough attention.

submitted time 2017-06-26 From cooperative journals:《暖科学学报》 Hits534, Downloads260, Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201706.00729 [pdf]

CFD Study on Local Fluid-to-Wall Heat Transfer in Packed Beds and Field Synergy Analysis

Peng, W. P.; Xu, M; Huai X. L.; Liu, Z. G.
Subjects: Dynamic and Electric Engineering >> Engineering Thermophysics

Experimental and numerical studies were carried out to evaluate the effect of vortex generator on a small cylindrical protrusion at Mach number 2.0. The experiments were performed using the supersonic blow down wind tunnel on different heights of cylindrical protrusion with vortex generator placed ahead of them. The upstream and downstream flow around the cylindrical protrusion is influenced by vortex generator as is observed using both visualization and pressure measurement techniques. Numerical studies using three dimensional steady implicit formulations with standard k-omega. turbulence model was performed. Results obtained through the present computation are compared with the experimental results at Mach 2.0. Good agreements between computation and experimental results have been achieved. The results indicate that the aerodynamic drag acting on cylindrical protrusion can be reduced by adopting vortex generator.

submitted time 2017-06-22 From cooperative journals:《暖科学学报》 Hits281, Downloads142, Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201703.01047 [pdf]

Correlation Analysis of Transient Heat Transfer Characteristics for Air Pre- cooling Aggregate

Chaohong; ZENG Miao; LU Fei; TANG Dawei GUAN Wei; LI Li; FU Tingwu
Subjects: Dynamic and Electric Engineering >> Engineering Thermophysics

In dam works, air precooling of aggregate is a common and effective method to avoid temperature cracks in con- crete structure. In order to offer a reliable design theory for the air precooling process to avoid unreasonable energy consumption, the transient heat transfer characteristics of the aggregate are intensively analyzed. The combined structure of the aggregate and the interstitial space in the hopper is treated as a porous structure, and the space-average method is used to simulate the transient heat transfer process. Simulation results show that size of the hopper and the average air velocity in the cross section have great influence on the transient heat transfer process of the aggregate, while the porosity in the range of 0.4‒0.5 has little influence. Nomograms are abstracted from simulation results, and then correlations of the compared excess temperature are precisely fitted to predict the air precooling transient heat transfer process of the aggregate.

submitted time 2017-03-31 From cooperative journals:《暖科学学报》 Hits952, Downloads291, Comment 0

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